• A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. You use pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" to make your sentences less difficult and less repetitive.
• Types of pronouns:
Ø Personal pronouns
Ø Demonstrative pronouns
Ø Interrogative pronouns
Ø Indefinite pronouns
Ø Relative pronouns
Ø Reflexive pronouns
Ø Intensive pronouns
SUBJECTIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
• To replace nouns as the subjects of sentenses
• Subject pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we, they)
- We will meet at the library at 3.00 p.m.
- You are surely the strangest child I have ever met.
- After many years, they returned to their homeland.
OBJECTIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
• To replace nouns as the objects of verbs and prepositions
• Object pronouns(me, you, her, him, it, us, them)
- Lisa and Evan will meet us at the newest café in the market.
- Give the list to me.
- Christopher was surprised to see her at the horse races.
POSSESSIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
• To replace nouns to show possession and defines who owns a particular object or person
• Possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, hers, its, theirs, ours)
- The smallest gift is mine.
- Ours is the green one on the corner.
- His is on the kitchen counter.
• Demonstrative pronouns points to and identifies a noun or a pronoun.
• “This” and “These” refers to things that are nearby either in space or in time.
• “That” and “Those” refers to things that are farther away in space or time.
- This is nice; that is the tree I want.
- I'll take these.
• To replace nouns used to ask questions.
• Interrogative pronouns (who, whom, which, what, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever)
- Who wrote the novel Rockbound?
- Whom do you think we should invite?
- What do you think about this situation?
• To replace nouns used to link one phrase or clause to another phrase or clause.
• "who" and "whoever" to refer to the subject of a clause or sentence
• "whom" and "whomever" to refer to the objects of a verb, a verbal or a preposition.
- You may invite whomever you like to the party.
- The crate which was left in the corridor has now been moved into the storage closet.
- Whoever broke the window will have to replace it.
• Refers to an identifiable but not specified person or thing.
• An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some.
• The most common indefinite pronouns are "all," "another," "any," "anybody," "anyone," "anything," "each," "everybody," "everyone," "everything," "few," "many," "nobody," "none," "one," "several," "some," "somebody," and "someone."
- We donated everything we found in the attic to the woman's shelter garage sale.
- Although they looked everywhere for extra copies of the magazine, they found none.
- Anyone can do that.
• To replace nouns to replace an object which refers to the subject.
• The reflexive pronouns are "myself," "yourself," "herself," "himself," "itself," "ourselves," "yourselves," and "themselves."
- Although the landlord promised to paint the apartment, we ended up doing it ourselves.
- Diabetics give themselves insulin shots several times a day.
- John cut himself.
• Intensive pronouns used to emphasise its antecedent.
• Intensive pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns.
- The Prime Minister himself said that he would lower taxes.
- They themselves promised to come to the party even though they had a final exam at the same time.
- I did it myself.