Wednesday, April 13, 2011

THE LAST CLASS...



         Today is the last class for BEL260. I feel happy because there is no more class to attend but I feel sad too. This is because maybe we will not meet each other and our lecturer, Miss Zu in the next semester..sob..sob… ;(
          During class today, Nabilah and her group make a presentation about future tense. Future tense is a verb form that marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future, or to happen subsequent to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future.
          After they all finish their presentation, Miss Zu returns back our mid-term test paper and listening test paper. Alhamdulillah, I got a high mark in both test. :D But, Marini and Dalila got all correct for listening test. They score 15/15 marks. For anyone who receive a mark that is below 10, Miss Zu tell them to clean their ears..hehe.. Then, we all discuss the answer for both test.
           After that, our lecturer gives us an exit survey to be filled. She gives us about 10 minutes to complete the survey. At the end of the class, we all take a picture with Miss Zu. That’s all.

PREPOSITION


          A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.  The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a preposition.

  • Preposition of time(before, around, at, during)
    example: She was caught cheating during the exam. 
  • Preposition of place(in, on, at, to)
    example: Umiey has lived in Australia for three years. 
  •  Preposition of position(above, across, against, along)
    example: The boys ran across the road even though there was heavy traffic. 
  •  Preposition of manner(at, with, by)
    example: He is good at learning foreign languages.


ADVERB


                 An adverb is a part of speech that describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, clause, or sentence. Function of adverb is to add information to a clause or another word. We can recognize the adverbs by see its position which is before or after verbs. There are a few type of adverb such as :

-  Adverb of time
   ( now, soon, later, then )
   Example: Salimah will be shifting to a new place soon.

-  Adverb of place
   ( out, up, there, everywhere)
   Example: He went there to get a better look at the place.

-  Adverb of manner
   ( slowly, quickly, well, hard )
   Example: James quickly ran for shelter when it started to rain.

-  Adverb of degree
   (much, almost, quite, very)
   Example: They were very happy when the singer appeared on stage.

PRONOUNS

DEFINITIONS
       A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. You use pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" to make your sentences less difficult and less repetitive.
       Types of pronouns:
Ø  Personal pronouns
Ø  Demonstrative pronouns
Ø  Interrogative pronouns
Ø  Indefinite pronouns
Ø  Relative pronouns
Ø  Reflexive pronouns
Ø  Intensive pronouns

PERSONAL PRONOUNS
SUBJECTIVE  PERSONAL PRONOUNS
       To replace nouns as the subjects of sentenses
       Subject pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we, they)
       Example:
  1. We will meet at the library at 3.00 p.m.
  2. You are surely the strangest child I have ever met.
  3. After many years, they returned to their homeland.
OBJECTIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
       To replace nouns as the objects of verbs and prepositions
       Object pronouns(me, you, her, him, it, us, them)
       Example:
  1. Lisa and Evan will meet us at the newest café in the market.
  2. Give the list to me.
  3. Christopher was surprised to see her at the horse races.
POSSESSIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
       To replace nouns to show possession and defines who owns a particular object or person
       Possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, hers, its, theirs, ours)
       Example:
  1. The smallest gift is mine.
  2. Ours is the green one on the corner.
  3. His is on the kitchen counter.

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
       Demonstrative pronouns points to and identifies a noun or a pronoun.
       This” and “These” refers to things that are nearby either in space or in time.
       That” and “Those” refers to things that are farther away in space or time.
       Example:
  1. This is nice; that is the tree I want.
  2. I'll take these.

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS
       To replace nouns used to ask questions.
       Interrogative pronouns (who, whom, which, what, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever)
       Example:
  1. Who wrote the novel Rockbound?
  2. Whom do you think we should invite?
  3. What do you think about this situation?
RELATIVE PRONOUNS
       To replace nouns used to link one phrase or clause to another phrase or clause.
       "who" and "whoever" to refer to the subject of a clause or sentence
       "whom" and "whomever" to refer to the objects of a verb, a verbal or a preposition.
       Example:
  1. You may invite whomever you like to the party.
  2. The crate which was left in the corridor has now been moved into the storage closet.
  3. Whoever broke the window will have to replace it.

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
       Refers to an identifiable but not specified person or thing.
       An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some.
       The most common indefinite pronouns are "all," "another," "any," "anybody," "anyone," "anything," "each," "everybody," "everyone," "everything," "few," "many," "nobody," "none," "one," "several," "some," "somebody," and "someone."
       Example:
  1. We donated everything we found in the attic to the woman's shelter garage sale.
  2. Although they looked everywhere for extra copies of the magazine, they found none.
  3. Anyone can do that.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
       To replace nouns to replace an object which refers to the subject.
       The reflexive pronouns are "myself," "yourself," "herself," "himself," "itself," "ourselves," "yourselves," and "themselves."
       Example:
  1. Although the landlord promised to paint the apartment, we ended up doing it ourselves.
  2. Diabetics give themselves insulin shots several times a day.
  3. John cut himself.
INTENSIVE PRONOUNS
       Intensive pronouns used to emphasise its antecedent.
       Intensive pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns.
       Example:
  1. The Prime Minister himself said that he would lower taxes.
  2. They themselves promised to come to the party even though they had a final exam at the same time.
  3. I did it myself.

Sunday, April 3, 2011

INTERPRETING WRITER'S POINTS OF VIEW, ATTITUDES OR INTENTIONS

        When you are looking at the writer's point of view, you are actually trying to look at the text through the writer's eyes. In other words, you are trying to understand a text through the writer's perception, which is influenced by his or her personal beliefs on an issue.
         The writer's attitude towards an issue is shown through the tone he or she uses in his or her writing. Tone refers to the writer's use of word's and writing styles to demonstrate his or her stand towards the issue in a text.
         Determine the tone used in a text by:
  • Looking at the word choice 
  • Analysing the phrasing used to describe an event
  • Considering how you feel when you read the text
      Examples of tone words : angry, bitter, compassionate, cynical, excited, intense, mocking, optimistic, pessimistic
       Writer's intention :
  • To persuade
  • To inform
  • To entertain
  • To instruct

Saturday, March 19, 2011

LISTENING TEST


Sharp 9.00 am we start our listening test,,,
It is held at LT1,,,
We seat in a group of a class,,,
But I feel confused because the lecturer set up the examination seats too close with each others and we all can see other person answers..hehe :)
But, I do not copy other person answer!!
There is some other person who is captured by lecturer because she was copy other person answers..
It’s very as we focusing at the recording voice to answer the question that is provided,,,
Listening test have three section that is A, B and C,,,
All section have 5 question,,,
3 objective and 2 fill in the blank,,,
It’s about half hour the test to be finish,,,
Sometimes I’m wondering what is the purpose of listening test,,,
Then I realize one thing,,,
People from the beginning learn by listening to other,,,
Listen how they pronunciation the word correctly and correct the wrong pronunciation,,
Catch up the word that may be the important topic,,,
Understanding by relate it with the example and the first point view,,,
Try to get as many information as you could,,,
The important tips to score this paper is read the question paper first,,,
Listen to the main point question ask and list some answer,,,
At the second time the recording is playing tick or choose the best answer,,,
During the listening test, I feel very sleepy and I was nearly to fall a sleep because the recording voice was so soft..
 
  

Monday, March 14, 2011

INFORMATION TRANSFER ( NON-LINEAR TO LINEAR TEXT)


Tips on How To Do Task :
  • spend 5 minutes reading the graphs/charts etc
  • make sure you understand axes
  • make sure you follow lines on graph
  • focus on the key information
  • if two graphs - compare
  • think about the time period - tenses
  • vary your vocabulary
  • organize information clearly
  • write neatly

FORMULA!!
  • TITLE
  • 1) OV
  • (2, 3, 4) ClKFs
  • 5) P(i) + P(ii)

ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY


BEFORE WRITING......
  • Brainstorm ideas on the subject
  • Identify the main topics
  • Use these topics as headings for organizing your notes.
  • Decide which side you are on i.e. which arguments are most convincing. Make sure you choose the side that you can fully support.
  • Plan and write an outline for your essay noting down the information you will include in each paragraph.
INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH
Your introduction should :
  • Introduce the topic with a general statement 
  • State why it is important
  • State there is a difference of opinion about this topic
  • Thesis statement must state what your claim is and can include the "parts" of the argument you are going to state..
BODY PARAGRAPH
  • Arguments for : The reasons "parts" of your thesis statement will be in your body paragraphs
  • Give clear arguments for your claim with support (examples: statistics, explanation etc)
  • Use transition words as you move from paragraph to paragraph ( Firstly, secondly, furthermore, in addition, moreover, finally)
  • You can also use any of the transitions from the other types as long as they are appropriate for your argument. (you may want to compare/contrast things, give reasons/results, descriptions, definitions etc)
REFUTATION PARAGRAPH
  • This is also used to support your claim.
  • Use the counter arguments to show that your idea is the stronger one,
  • Do not focus only on the opposing ideas.
CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH
Your conclusion should :
  • Restate the main claim
  • Present one or two general sentences which accurately summarize your arguments which support the main premise
  • Provide a general warning of the consequences of not following the premise that you put forward and/or a general statement of how the community will benefit from following that premise. 

THE CONCLUSION

        The conclusion is the last paragraph in your essay. A conclusion completes the essay and reemphasizes your thesis statement or main ideas.
         In addition to referring back to your main idea, your conclusion needs to show your reader the significance of your thesis. When discussing the importance of your thesis, try to address questions such as...
  • How and why is this topic important?
  • How might this topic affect me or other people?
  • What can be learned from this topic?
CONCLUDING AN ESSAY  by..
  • Prediction
  • Recommendation
  • Quotation
USEFUL TRANSITIONS :
  • In conclusion,
  • Therefore,
  • In summary,
  • To conclude,
  • Thus,
  • In short,

BODY PARAGRAPHS

Purpose : The body paragraphs in your essay support the main idea in your thesis statement by breaking it down into smaller ideas or subtopics. Ideas in your paragraphs should relate back to thesis statement.

Form : Most paragraphs contain between five to ten sentences. The first line of a paragraph is usually indented (begin a few spaces to the right of the margin) to show that there is a new paragraph.


Key features : Body paragraphs should contain some of the following features...

  • A topic sentence
  • Supporting sentence
  • A concluding sentence
  • Unity

THE INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH


Purpose of The Introductory Paragraph :
  • get the reader's attention
  • set tone for the rest of the essay
  • make a contract with the reader - what will be covered in this piece?
Parts of The Introductory :
  • The Hook - designed to grab attention immediately and give some indication about the essay's topic
  • The Transition - moves the reader from the hook to the driving force of the essay...
  • The Thesis - makes the contract with the reader about what will be discussed without a blatant announcement
Types of Hooks :
  • Personal examples
  • Quotations
  • Facts or statistics
  •  Rhetorical questions
  • Current events
  • Contrast to the thesis statement
  • Definition
USING PERSONAL EXAMPLES
  • Provides strong, dramatic incidents to use. Honesty in expressing thoughts and feelings will ring true with the reader. While you can make up the personal experience, be careful that it sounds credible
  • Personal observation - different from a personal example, an observation is something you saw happening
 USING QUOTATIONS
  • Content of quote should be : dramatic, emotionally appealing, surprising, humorous
  • Quote does not have to be from a famous person
  • Must be relevant to thesis statement
USING FACTS OR STATISTICS
  • Must be startling or unusual
  • Must be from a credible source
  • Use journal as a place to record both quotes and facts or statistics that might work for an introduction
USING RHETORICAL QUESTIONS

Example : Take a moment and think of the three women closest to you. Who comes to your mind? Your mother? Your sister? Your girlfriend? Your wife? Your best friend? Now guess which one will be sexually assaulted during her lifetime. It is not pleasant thought, but according to the Malaysian Department of Justice, one of every three Malaysian women will be sexually assaulted sometime during her life.

USING CURRENT EVENTS
  • Must be recent
  • Must be important
  • Should be made in public by newspapers, television or radio
USING CONTRAST TO THE THESIS STATEMENT
  • In direct contrast to the thesis statement
  • It is fun to prove an expert wrong

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

VOICE is the form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action.
Two types of voice : - active voice
                               - passive voice



ACTIVE VOICE 

  • indicates that the subject of the verb is acting - because the subject does or " acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.
  • example : - The dog jumped onto the boy.
PASSIVE VOICE
  • in a passive voice sentence, the subject and object flip-flop The subject becomes the passive recipient of the action - because the subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentence are said to be in the passive voice.
  • Example : - The boy was jumped on by the dog.

CONJUNCTIONS

What is Conjunctions????
    Conjunction joins two parts of a sentence. A conjunction is a word that connects other words or groups of words.


FORM = 

  • Single word : and, but, because, although
  • Compound  (often ending with as or that) : provided that, as long as, in order that
  • Correlative ( surrounding an adverb or adjective) : so......that
COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS =

  • and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
  • A coordinating conjunction joins parts of a sentence, (for example words or independent clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar. A coordinating conjunction shows that the elements it joins are similar in importance and structure.
  • Example : - I like tea and coffee
CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS =
  • both...and, either....or, not only....but also, neither...nor
  • Always appear in pairs - we use them to link equivalent sentences elements.
  • Example : We can have either seafood or Western food for dinner

WRITING QUOTATIONS ESSAY



          " Vandalism comes naturally from our soul". These words come from a teenage boy and his friends who lax in drawing graffiti on the wall of a building. Teenage boys said that this work is a piece of art where they often did this to express their feelings or thoughts about certain things in our life. Furthermore, he said that they also draw the graffiti whenever they feel like doing it. This type of vandalism does not only involve teenagers but also adults. (HOOK) However, these teens do not know that they have vandalized the image of the building as well as the environment.(TRANSITION) Vandalism can be prevented if the government creates a law that severely restricts vandals in destroying the environment, giving motivational talk as well as giving punishment by doing community service.(THESIS STATEMENT)

       One of the major effective ways in preventing teenagers from vandalism is government should create a law that severely restricts vandals in destroying the environment.The new law should provide heavier fines and sentences for vandals who found guilty in doing it. However, habitual vandals should be given imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years. Therefore, the incidence of vandalism can be reduced at all places.

        Another way in preventing teenagers from doing vandalism is by giving motivational talk. Motivational talk can be given through education and campaign such as ' Anti-Vandalism Campaign'. We can give motivational talks to the teenagers about the scope of vandalism as well as its consequences. Thus, motivational talks can help teenagers realise that vandalism is wrong by any reasons.

        Last but not least, the ways in preventing teenagers from vandalism is giving punishment by doing community services. Punishment can be given to the vandals by doing 100 hour community services such as cleaning public toilets under the surveillance of police officers and community residents. However, this type of punishment depends on whether the teen is acting on impulse or a group of gangsters with long record. As a result, this will ensure that teenagers will overcome the problem.

       In conclusion, vandalism is bad, costs money, and it frightens all people when it gets too extreme. Therefore, these preventive measures should be taken into considerations to reduce vandalism in the future.

Tuesday, March 1, 2011

PREDICT AND INFER

Today we just sit back and relax, and just watching three video clips. First video clip is Grenade by Bruno Mars, second is A Walk to Remember and lastly, Toy Story 3. After that we all must think and predict what will happen next in those videos by look at all the clues from the video clips.

A Walk to Remember

Grenade by Bruno Mars

Toy Story 3

Monday, February 28, 2011

JUST CREATE MY OWN POEM

 
 To my lovely friends, Najihah binti Mohd Khairudin,  I dedicate this poem just for you...=)


POEM :

N = natural, the genuine side of you

A = agreeable, the best side of you

J = jovial, in all that you do

I = intelligent, so bright and witty

H = honest, cheerful and smile

A = adorable, warm and loving

H = happy, your wonderful laugh


 Najihah, is much more than just a name



Thursday, February 24, 2011

A FACT AND AN OPINION


Today’s was the replacement class for BEL260.It was held at night.Today, Miss Zu ask us to form into a group of 5 or 6 person.So there is 11 group in class.Today’s task is promoting a product that have been brought by Miss Zu.Each group leader must choose one thing and discuss in the group to make a statement that is contain a fact or an opinion.We must create six sentence per group.After that each group had to be infront of the class promoting the product.Meanwhile, another group must guess how much fact and opinion that each group presented.My group promote a toothpaste.We create a statement which is contain 3 facts and 3 opinions.Another group that wanted to guess must screamed aloud their group number and Miss Zu will decided which group can guess it.If the answer is correct, 2 marks will be given to that group.The environment during the guessing session was very noisy and fun.It is like we are in the middle of busy market.Finally, the winner from today’s task is Group 2.That’s all.

A FACT

 
A fact is :
(a)    Objective information that can be checked or proved to be true
(b)   Information that does not change
(c)    Not a statement about the future
Clues to identify facts:
The use of dates and year
Walt Disney was born on 5th December 1901, and died on 15th December 1966.
The use of statistics/ figures/ precies numbers or quantities
Since Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest in 1953, more than 1600 climbers from 20 countries have also conquered 8848 metre mountain.
The use of definitions
Adolescence can be defined as the stage in a person’s life when one develops from a child into an adult.
When stating a geographical or scientific fact
The earth is around.

Water is made up of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen.




AN OPINION

An opinion :
(a)    Is a statement that cannot be proved to be true or false.
(b)   Is one’s personal belief, idea, or feeling about a subject
(c)    Can be a statement about the future
Clues to identify opinion :
The usage of adjectives which shows your point of view or emotions
Exciting/ fun/ excellent/ worst/ ugly/ pretty/ stupid/ sad/ boring/ handsome

1 . The climb up Gunung Ledang was exciting.
2 . The party was great fun!
3. My student gave an excellent performance at    the concert.
The use of comparison words which show a comparison between two or more things
More/ most/ better/ worst/ least

1 . Siti Nurhaliza is the most talented singer in Malaysia.
2 . Julian thinks his father is a better cook than his mother.
3 . Ien Ming was the worst contestant in the Malaysian Idol competition.
The use of other words which shows frequency, possibility, advisability, and necessity
Probably/ likely/ perhaps/ may/ should/ must/ always/ usually/ often/ occasionally

1 . Sheela is probably still angry with her boyfriend for not remembering her birthday
2 . You must return the money you owe Maizun as soon as possible
3 . Kenzo may have left his car key at the café over there
The use of phrases which show a belief, a suggestion, a feeling, or an opinion
It seems/ It looks like/ It appears that/ In my opinion/ I believe/ I suggest/ I feel/ I think

1 . It appears that Kimberly and Nancy are both interest with the same guy.
2 . In my opinion, heavy metal music is not much had a lot of horse that gets on many people’s nerves.
3 . Lydiawati felt that the jazz concert was boring

Tuesday, February 8, 2011

ACTING....=)


I think today's class BEL260 is very interesting. This is because our class must performing a scene from P.Ramlee's films. We are been divided by five groups.A group consists 5 to 6 members. Each person must have a dialog to act in front of the class at CLL 2, SL. We all are allowed using an internet to search information about our task today. My group had decided to performed a scene from film Seniman Bujang Lapok. Other groups are performing a scenes from many P.Ramlee's movies like Nujum Pak Belalang, Pendekar Bujang Lapok and Nasib Si Labu Labi.. But I think the time to prepare for this task are too short.But I don't mind.When the presentation is started, all my friends and my lecturer, Miss Zu also look very excited too watch our acting. After group by group acted, we all must guess what the title for the scene that they acted before this..HUH...all groups performed really well.. I like it..  Everyone seems look really enjoy today's activity. I also enjoy it.At the end of the class, Miss Zu wanted us to decide which group are the best performance and the best actor/actress.. Majority from the class choose Khalis's group as the winner for the best performance. They acted a scene from Nasib Si Labu Labi film. Meanwhile the best actress goes too Amalina, also from Khalis's group. She acted as Cikgu Murni, who wanted to collect a donation for orphanage.. Today also have a night class for BEL260.. But we all have a test for MGT153..so Miss Zu decided to replaced the class tomorrow night.. So, that's all now..

Thursday, January 27, 2011

My Class BEL260


Today is Thursday.. 27/1/2011.. our first class today is BEL260 with Miss Zu at U214...I  feel so tired and sleepy and I don't know why I felt like such that mood..hmmm....maybe the class was held early in the morning??? maybe....but the class was held on 10 a.m...hahaha..
Today's lesson are how to make an extended writing.. before that we must follow some easy steps of writing..:: 
  •   Pre-writing technique :  1) brainstorming
    •                            2) mind-mapping
    •                            3) freewriting
    •                            4) quickwriting
  • Planning & Organizing
  • Drafting
  • Revising & Editing
  • Final draft
Then,we all learn how to developing thesis statement..Thesis statement is a sentence that shows the controlling idea of a piece of writing.As it is the focus of the writing, it should therefore be very specific.Poor thesis statement are those which are too general or ambiguous.It normally comes at the end of the introductory paragraph..This sentence I copy from the Stride Ahead text book...hehehehe
Thats all from me now..=)

Thursday, January 20, 2011

MY FRIENDS...=)


It's time to introduce my friend..!!!
Her name is Najihah binti Mohd Khairudin.. She lives in Kuala Lumpur.. She was born on 30 January 1992. I know her since the orientation week in this UiTM Segamat. Before I forget, she also have a twin. Her twin also study in UiTM Segamat, in the same course but different class of course. I so greatful because she is friend. This is because she is very friendly, cute, adorable and many more. Miss Zu wanted us to describe our friends with something. So, I describe her as a cat. This is because, she is sometimes can become very cute but sometimes can become really fierce. Like a Malay's idiom, " malu-malu kucing ", Najihah is something like that. Seriously!! As a conclusion, I hope my friendship with her will last long..

Malam Pengenalan Kelab & Persatuan


MPKP or Malam Pengenalan Kelab dan Persatuan is my first stage to make a performance in front of many people since. I make the silat gayong performance.  My feeling is really excited and nervous in the same time. My friends and I represent Persatuan Silat Seni Gayong Malaysia . When I was onstage, I felt nervous because there is so many people watching us doing our performance. Fuhh, but I imagine that there is no one in front of me. Finally, our performance was great and all the audience was excited, sometimes there are screaming because my cikgu silat and senior perform a parang demonstration. So, this event is the most precious experience I ever had.  Maybe, in the next semester, I will do the performance again…
me in the middle


my cikgu silat, Cikgu Wahiddin
me and my friends who involved in MPKP performance for PSSGM


Sunday, January 9, 2011