- Brainstorm ideas on the subject
- Identify the main topics
- Use these topics as headings for organizing your notes.
- Decide which side you are on i.e. which arguments are most convincing. Make sure you choose the side that you can fully support.
- Plan and write an outline for your essay noting down the information you will include in each paragraph.
Your introduction should :
- Introduce the topic with a general statement
- State why it is important
- State there is a difference of opinion about this topic
- Thesis statement must state what your claim is and can include the "parts" of the argument you are going to state..
- Arguments for : The reasons "parts" of your thesis statement will be in your body paragraphs
- Give clear arguments for your claim with support (examples: statistics, explanation etc)
- Use transition words as you move from paragraph to paragraph ( Firstly, secondly, furthermore, in addition, moreover, finally)
- You can also use any of the transitions from the other types as long as they are appropriate for your argument. (you may want to compare/contrast things, give reasons/results, descriptions, definitions etc)
- This is also used to support your claim.
- Use the counter arguments to show that your idea is the stronger one,
- Do not focus only on the opposing ideas.
Your conclusion should :
- Restate the main claim
- Present one or two general sentences which accurately summarize your arguments which support the main premise
- Provide a general warning of the consequences of not following the premise that you put forward and/or a general statement of how the community will benefit from following that premise.